Lung Cancer Treatment in Fall River & Fairhaven, MA
Lung cancer is the second most common cancer in both men and women. It’s also very hard to find in the early stages. This makes lung cancer the leading cause of cancer-related deaths — more than colon, breast and prostate cancers combined. But not all lung cancers have the same prognosis.
At Southcoast Health, we have an expertise in cancer care to ensure that you receive the best diagnosis and treatment options possible. Our lung cancer screening program helps identify early stage lung cancer in high-risk patients. If lung cancer is found at an earlier stage, when it is small and before it has spread, it is more likely to be treated successfully.
Find a doctor near you at one of our Southcoast Health Cancer Centers in Fall River, MA to receive the specialized medical attention you need.
Types of Lung Cancer
It’s important to know your type of lung cancer because it affects both your treatment and your outlook. There are three types of lung cancer:
- Non-small cell accounts for about 85% of lung cancers and tends to grow and spread more slowly. There are three subtypes — adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and large cell carcinoma.
- Small cell makes up most of the rest of lung cancer cases, and tends to grow and spread quickly. The most common subtype is oat cell. The other subtype is combined small cell carcinoma.
- Carcinoid is a very rare type of lung cancer that grows very slowly.
Risk Factors & Causes
Anyone can get lung cancer. However, smoking is the top risk factor. In fact, smoking causes 90% of lung cancer cases. This includes cigarettes, cigars and pipes. Your risk goes up the longer you smoke and the more cigarettes per day you smoke. The good news is that quitting decreases your risk, regardless of your age.
Other lung cancer risk factors include:
- Exposure to asbestos and other hazardous materials and chemicals
- Exposure to radon gas
- Exposure to secondhand smoke
- Family history of lung cancer
What Are Lung Cancer Symptoms?
Tumors can grow in the lungs without causing pain or discomfort. As a result, lung cancer doesn’t typically cause symptoms in early stages. By the time most people notice symptoms, lung cancer has usually spread too far to be cured.
When symptoms of lung cancer develop, they may include:
- A new cough that doesn’t go away or gets worse with time
- Changes in a chronic cough or “smoker’s cough”
- Chest pain that worsens with deep breathing, coughing or laughing
- Coughing up blood or bloody or rust-colored mucus
- Shortness of breath or wheezing
- Tiredness or weakness
- Weight loss and loss of appetite
Treatment Options at Southcoast Health
Treatment for lung cancer depends on the type and stage and may include:
- Surgery (including stereotactic body radiation therapy)
- Targeted cancer therapy
- Immune-based therapy
Southcoast Health provides extensive care and treatment for patients with lung cancer in southeastern Massachusetts and Rhode Island.